Africa EENI Global Business School

History of Algeria. Berbers

"Algerian History. Tassili n'Ajjer. Civil war of Algeria

History of Algeria (Maghreb)

  1. 1.8 million years: evidence of human occupation (stone tools, Ain Hanech)
  2. 700,000 years: discovered bones of fossilized Homo erectus
  3. 6,000 - 2,000 BC: Neolithic civilisation in the Maghreb
    1. Rock paintings of the Tassili n'Ajjer
    2. Berbers (Imazighen)


  1. 900 BC: Creation of Carthage (Tunisia) by the Phoenician merchants
  2. Berber Civilisation
  3. Collapse of Carthage (Punic Wars)
  4. Expansion of the Berbers
  5. 200 BC: Berber kingdoms
  6. King Masinissa

Roman Empire

  1. 24 AD: annexation to the Roman Empire
  2. The granary of the Roman Empire
  3. Berber opposition
  4. 2th century: Christianity arrives
  5. 4th century: Christianisation of the Berbers

Middle Age

  1. Division of the Berber tribes (Sanhaja, Houaras, Zenata, Masmuda, Kutama, Awarba, Barghawata)
  2. Berber dynasties
  3. 7th century: Arabian Tribes Invasion
  4. Islamisation
  5. Arabic language
  6. 944: foundation of Algiers by Bologhine ibn Ziri (Berber dynasty Zirid-Sanhaja)

Ottoman Empire 1515-1830 (Turkey)

  1. Algiers: centre of the Ottoman authority in the Maghreb
  2. Official language: Turkish

Colonialism (19th century)

  1. 1830: French invasion and colonisation. Exile of Hussein Dey
  2. Rebellion (Abdel Kadir)
  3. Elimination of the traditional leaders
  4. French Introduction

War of the Algerian Independence (1954-1962)

  1. National Liberation Front
  2. Estimated deaths: 350,000 - 1 million Algerians
  3. Exile of Pieds-Noirs (European residents in Algeria)

Independence of Algeria

  1. July 1962: France declares Algeria independent
  2. 1963: constitution adopted by referendum
  3. Ahmed Ben Bella, first president
  4. On June 19, 1965, Houari Boumédienne deposed Ahmed Ben Bella in a military coup
  5. Dissolution of the National Assembly and suspension of the 1963 constitution.
  6. Council of the Revolution (military)
  7. Socialist economy
  8. 1978: death of Boumedienne, fight within the National Liberation Front to choose a successor.
  9. Colonel Chadli Bendjedid
  10. 1989: new constitution
  11. Front of Islamic Salvation (FIS)
  12. December 26, 1991 - February 8, 2002: Civil war in Algeria
  13. Between 44,000 and 100,000 dead

Study Online at EENI Global Business School

Foreign Trade and Business in Algeria, Exports Algeria

  1. Masters: Business in Africa, International Business, Transport in Africa
  2. Doctorates: African Business, World Trade, Global Logistics

Algerian Student Master in International Business

More information: Business in Algeria, at EENI Website.

  1. Oran
  2. Regions (wilayas) of Algeria
  3. Transport and Logistics in Algeria
  4. Higher Education in Algeria
  5. Constantine

Study Master Business Foreign Trade in Spanish Argelia Trade and Business in Africa (French) Algérie Study, Master, Global Business, Foreign Trade, Portuguese Argélia

(c) EENI Global Business School We do not use cookies